JET FUEL/ ATF (JET A-1/ TS-1)
Jet fuel, Aviation Turbine Fuel (ATF), or Avtur is a type of fuel designed for use in aircraft powered by gas-turbine engines. It is clear to straw-coloured inappearance. The most commonly used fuels for commercial aviation are Jet A and Jet A-1 which are produced to a standardized international specification. During the refining process only 8% of the crude oil is made up of Jet fuel.
D2 DIESEL GAS OIL
D2 is a refinery abbreviation for Gasoil. It is the second distillate from the crude oil, and can be used without reformers and additives. The principal difference between GASOIL and D2 is the content of sulphur. ISO has a standard for D2 that most of oil companies use as their reference.
EN590 DIESEL (10PPM) ULSD
EN590 (10PPM ULSD) had been introduced along with the European emission standards. With each of its revisions the EN 590 had been adapted to lower the sulphur content of diesel fuel - since 2007 this is called ultra low sulphur diesel as the former function of sulphur as a lubricant is absent
D6 VIRGIN FUEL OIL/BUNKER OIL
D6 is also be known as Residual Fuel Oil and is of high-viscosity. This fuel oil requires preheating to 220 – 260 Degrees Fahrenheit. D6 is mostly used for generators. D6 is a type of residual fuel, mainly used in power plants and larger ships. The fuel requires to be preheated before it can be used.
LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS /LPG
LPG (Liquefied Petroleum Gas) is predominantly propane and butanes, either segregated or in various ratios and mixtures of each product. LPG is a by-product of crude oil production (Associated Gas) and a by-product of natural gas production (Non Associated Gas).
LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS /LNG
Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) is natural gas, cooled to minus 161°C until it becomes a liquid. It is stored under atmospheric pressure and reduced in volume by the ratio of 1:600. It is easier and less costly to transport, particularly where access to pipelines is not available.
Mazut M100 (Heating Oil) Fuel oil is supplied according to the Russian technical specification GOST 10585-99, section for fuel oil, mazut sort 100. This kind of oil is graded as the heavy furnace oil. The product is produced from the remains of raw oil processing.
Petroleum Naphtha is an intermediate hydrocarbon liquid stream derived from the refining of crude oil with CAS-no 64742-48-9. It is most usually desulfurized and then catalytically reformed, which rearranges or restructures the hydrocarbon molecules in the naphtha as well as breaking some of the molecules into smaller molecules to produce a high-octane component of gasoline (or petrol).
Crude oil is a naturally occurring, unrefined petroleum product composed of hydrocarbon deposits and other organic materials. A type of fossil fuel, crude oil can be refined to produce usable products such as gasoline, diesel and various forms of petrochemicals. It is a nonrenewable resource, which means that it can't be replaced naturally.
Petcoke is the coke that, in particular, derives from a final cracking process—a thermo-based chemical engineering process that splits long chain hydrocarbons of petroleum into shorter chains—that takes place in units termed coker units.
Asphalt, also known as bitumen is a sticky, black, and highly viscous liquid or semi-solid form of petroleum. It may be found in natural deposits or may be a refined product, and is classed as a pitch.
FUEL OIL/HFO/IFO/MARINE FUEL
IFO 380 - Intermediate fuel oil with a maximum viscosity of 380 centistokes (<3.5% sulphur)
IFO 180 - Intermediate fuel oil with a maximum viscosity of 180 centistokes (<3.5% sulphur)
LS 380 - Low-sulphur (<1.0%) intermediate fuel oil with a maximum viscosity of 380 centistokes
LS 180 - Low-sulphur (<1.0%) intermediate fuel oil with a maximum viscosity of 180 centistokes